Like we said on Geographical Maps of Java Indonesia, The strategic geographical maps of West Java Indonesia including Banten province and special district Jakarta has many advantages, especially from transportation and communication point of view. The north part of West Java is flat land area, while hilly area with a few shores in the south and mountainous area in the central part.
Geographically, Western Java lies bounded :
- on the North by Java Sea
- on the East by Province of Central Java
- on the South by Indonesian Ocean and
- on the West by Sumatra
Maps of West Java
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Apart from that, West Java has fertile area which comes from volcanic deposit and that possesses many rivers across so that the most of land are suitable for agriculture. This condition is supported by tropical climate with high rainfall. In 2008, Bandung city, as the capital of Jawa Barat Province, had the highest rainfall in December that was 332,8 mm, while the lowest rainfall happened in July that was 3,6 mm. The average wind speed in 2008 was 2 knots with the average air pressure was 922.6 mb and relative humidity reached 79 percent. However, in 2009 until June condition, the wind speed was 1.8 knot with the relative humidity as 82 percent.
Western area of Java Indonesia including Banten provinces as part of “Ring of fire” has many volcanic mountains more than other Indonesia’s provinces. So, tropical scenery with cool atmosphere are frequently found at most of this area, except at Java sea beaches (northern part). So, the West Java landscape is one of steep terrain, volcanic mountains, mountains rivers, forest, natural sea harbours, and fertile agricultural land .
The area north coast of West Java is the lowlands. In the middle is mountains. Its highest point is Mount Ceremay, who was in the southwest city of Cirebon. Some of the mountain in west Java are: Karang (1,778 m), Kiara Deres (1.432 m), Gagak (1,511 m), Perbakti (1,699 m), Salak (2,211 m), Gede (2,958 m), Patuha (2,434 m), Wayang (2,181 m), Windu (2,137 m), Tangkuban Perahu (2,084 m), Papandayan (2,665 m), Kawah Manuk (1,950 m), Kawah Kamojang (1,730 m), Guntur (2,249 m), Galunggung (2,168 m), Kawah Karah (1,155 m), Ceremai (3,078 m). The rivers are quite important is the Citarum River and Cimanuk River, which empties into the Java Sea.
^You can read more generally about geographical conditions of Java Indonesia at “Geographical Maps at Java Indonesia“.
^You can read more detail geographical conditions in each Java Indonesia area in the next articles at Geography category.