Batik fabric is an Indonesian traditional cloth with special motifs and has become a part of java indonesia culture. Batik art is a high-valued craft, and the word “batik“, refers to two things. First, refers to the process of dying using wax/paraffin to avoid dying on the part of the cloth, and secondly refers to the wardrobe/apparel that is produced using above technique.
Batik historically came from indonesia’s ancestor time since XVII century. It firstly painted and wrote on palm tree leave. At that time, the pattern of batik still dominated by animal and plant form. But in the history, batik has been experienced many development ; from animal and plants pattern into abstract motif look a like to cloud, temple relief, beber puppet, and others.
By the time, the combination of painting motifs with the art of cloth decorations evoked the art of batik which is widely known nowadays. Motif and patterns of traditional batik fabric are so many. But those motifs and variations are suitable with the philosophy and cultures of the producing areas.
The history of batik in Indonesia has connected with the development of Majapahit kingdom and many kingdoms after it. In some records, the development of batik was widely done in the top era of Mataram, and in the era of kingdoms in Surakarta and Yogyakarta.
The art of batik is a painting art on a piece of fabric, meant for cloths for royal families only. Firstly, batik art was made exclusively inside the palace and the results only for king and his families and followers. Since many king’s followers lived outside the palace, the batik art was brought out of palace by them and been done in their own residence. In the development, batik gradually imitated by closest people and spread wider into women’s job to fulfil her spare time. At the next, batik which firstly only meant for royal family became a favorite common people’s cloth, either for man or woman.
The white fabric which is used at that time is the result of people’s self-weaving. While the colorant materials used from plants originated from Java Indonesia, such as java noni, indigo, soga and the soda material made from ash soda, and the salt made from mud land.
The spread of batik art into indonesian’s wealth generally, and into Javanese people’s specially happened after the end of XVIII or early XIX century. All batiks that were produced were written batik till early XX century, and stamp batik was known after the World War I or around 1920’s.
There are three types of batik, written batik (batik tulis) is batik which decorate with specific textures and pattern, using hand. The process takes 2-3 months to get 1 piece of batik, this is the most difficult and expensive batik type. Second type is stamp batik that made using stamp (batik cap) which already had pattern in it. The last is painted batik, a batik making which painted straightly to the white fabric with modern technique.
Batik producing areas are Pekalongan, Solo, Yogyakarta, Cirebon, Indramayu, and many others more. For areas which are not affected by Indian cultures, such as Toraja in Sulawesi Island, Papua and Sumatra, batik also exist.
Batik art in Indonesia not only a pretty art to see, but also an art that can be wore. Batik patterns has developed so fast so its not only becomes a beauty characteristic, but also becomes a functional and becomes something that can be predicted the selling value based on the usage and the beauty.
The varying motifs, colors, till aesthetic value which formed batik in each area not only as an artistic visual but also can be seen as culture character identification which form it. Besides, there are philosophy, history and other values in batik.
Batik now becomes a statement wardrobe to person who wears it. Batik patterns can be applied into so many products, e.g dress, man shirt, skirt, table covers, netbook bag, sandals, and many more. The modern era make it easier to be marketed. It available in stores, boutiques, but also exist in online market, and also has been exported to many countries. Please contact us if you need the batik fabric originally from Java Indonesia. We will give you some suggestion about how and where the right place to order.